Yarmouth, Massachusetts is a town located in Barnstable County. It is made up of three separate villages: South Yarmouth, West Yarmouth, and Yarmouth Port. As of the 2010 census, the population of Yarmouth was 23,793.
Upon the arrival of European settlers, Yarmouth was settled and incorporated in 1693. It is, along with the town of Sandwich, the oldest town on Cape Cod. Cape Cod is a peninsula in the state of Massachusetts that is well-known for its hooked shape and is a popular destination for vacationers in the summertime, including for some notable figures. President John F. Kennedy stationed his summer White House there for the duration of his presidency and the Kennedy family continues to maintain residences there.
Originally, Yarmouth also included the town of Dennis but Dennis was eventually incorporated as a separate community in 1793. Yarmouth was named after Great Yarmouth, a town located in the county of Norfolk located on the east coast of England although none of the original settlers of Yarmouth were from that area. During the American Revolution, a political organization called the Sons of Liberty was founded to advance the rights of American colonists and push back against British taxation. The organization played a pivotal role in the American colonists’ push against the Stamp Act. An active chapter of the Sons of Liberty was based in Yarmouth and provided assistance to minutemen at both the Battles of Lexington and Concord. On July 20, 1776 town members declared their independence from England. Because they were a coastal community, they were subjected to naval blocks by the Royal Navy over the course of the American Revolution.
In its early days, Yarmouth was primarily a farming community focused on raising livestock like pigs, cattle, and sheep. As a coastal city, much of its economy has also been drawn from its proximity to the ocean. It’s also been a popular destination for tourists, with hotels and summer homes being built in the area since the end of the nineteenth century.
According to the 2000 census, the racial makeup of the town was 95.23% white, 1.59% identified as multi-racial, 1.44% Hispanic or Latino, 1.34% were African American, 0.94% identified as other, 0.53% Asian, 0.33% Native American, and 0.04% Pacific Islander. The median household income was reported to be $39,808 and the median income for a family was $48,148.
Yarmouth’s schools are a part of the Dennis-Yarmouth Regional School District. The town has two elementary schools, one middle school, and is the location of Dennis-Yarmouth Regional High School where both residents of Yarmouth and the town of Dennis send their students.
Yarmouth typically has warm summers and has a humid continental climate.
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